A tsunami is a series of traveling ocean waves of extremely long length generated by disturbances associated with earthquakes occurring below or near the ocean floor. There are two sources of tsunamis: remote and local. Remote tsunamis have been the most frequent to hit California and are generated by earthquakes off the coasts of Japan, Alaska, Hawaii, and Chile.
The most significant remote tsunami to hit southern California was in 1960, when an 9.5 magnitude earthquake off the coast of Chile generated a tsunami resulting in 4 foot waves at Santa Monica and Port Hueneme, and caused major damage to the Los Angeles and Long Beach harbors.
Local tsunamis are generated off the coast of Southern California. Since 1800, only four locally generated tsunamis have been observed. The most significant was in 1812 in Santa Barbara and Ventura County. Waves were reported at 6 to 10 feet high, and several small buildings were damaged and many ships were destroyed.
To enhance the region’s ability to prepare for, respond to and recover from a tsunami, the County of San Diego spearheaded a project to create evacuation zone maps for each of the region’s coastal cities, employing common terminology and symbology to ensure message consistency regardless of where members of the public may be along San Diego’s 70 miles of coastline. Utilizing tsunami inundation zone maps produced by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the project resulted in city-specific tsunami information and evacuation brochures. These brochures were then mailed to every residential and business address within the worst-case scenario tsunami inundation zone as identified by the USGS. Below are links to the various city maps.